Lektion 4: Erweiterung

Hören

Vor dem Hören

icon of a pencil and paper with the text "von Hand" to denote a pen and paper activityIn the main lesson, you heard about a Nachbarschaftsgarten and how it came into being. In the following video, you’ll hear a continuation of the story of the garden with more details about what plants they planted. Before you listen, make a list of possible plants and vegetables that might grow in an urban community garden. Write words in German and your native language, and then look up the words you don’t know. After you listen to the video, go back and mark the plants you did hear in the video.

Hören

Nach dem Hören: Wortschatz

The video clip was long and challenging, so here are large portions of the text to help you out! Use these exercises to build your vocabulary around common garden plants. Which plants are ones you know and like? Do you have any of these in your own garden or do you see any of them in gardens near you? Can you recognize any of them?



 

Strukturen

Um/Zu

Go back and read the description and examples of um/zu clauses in the main lesson. Then practice with these examples and exercises.

 

Modal Verbs: A Review

In the previous lessons, we reviewed regular verbs, separable prefix verbs, verbs with stem vowel changes, and a couple of verbs that defy the rules. In this lesson, we’ll be reviewing modal verbs and a few verbs that are commonly used with specific prepositions.

As you may remember from previous units, modal verbs are helping verbs. The modal verbs are:

sollen
wollen
müssen
dürfen
können
mögen

When you create a sentence with a modal verb, the modal verb is conjugated and placed where the verb would normally go in the sentence, and the verb that it is helping will go at the end of the sentence in the infinitive (-en) form.

Review and practice modal verbs with the following set of activities.

 

Verbs with Prepositional Complements

Some verbs are frequently used in combination with a particular preposition. Examples of this in English are: to wait for someone or something, to prepare for something. If you think that you might need to use a verb with a prepositional complement, it’s a good idea to check with a dictionary, either online or paper. Some verbs use more than one preposition, and so you’ll want to be careful that you choose the correct preposition and case for the situation you’re describing.

You may have noticed these combinations as you’ve listened or read German texts. Work through the following slides to learn more.



 

Schreiben

Ein Garten: Write 5-8 sentences about your garden or about an imaginary garden that you work in.

icon of a pencil and paper with the text "von Hand" to denote a pen and paper activity

Was soll/muss/will man machen, wenn man einen Garten hat?

Welche Gemüse und Obstsorten möchten Sie im Garten pflanzen?

Welche Gemüse und Obstsorten mögen Sie aus dem Garten essen?

 



 

Wortschatz

Nomen

der Ast, -¨e
das Basilikum, -s
der Bezirk, -e
die Dille,  -n
die Erfahrung, -en
die Fensterblume, – n
die Geschichte, -n
das Gespräch, -e
die Grünanlage, -n
die Idee, -n
das Insektenhotel,-s
der Kerbel, –
der Koriander, –
der Krieg, -e
die Kübelpflanze, -n
der Mensch, -en
der Nachbarschaftsgarten, -¨
die Petersilie, -n
die Pflanze, -n
der Platz, -¨e
der Rosmarin (no plural)
der Salat, -e
der Salbei (no plural)
der Samen, –
der Vorgarten, -¨
der Zuwanderer, –
die Zuwanderin, -nen

Verben

anbauen (sep)
anfangen (sep)
s. ärgern + über
aufhören (sep) + mit
austauschen (sep)
beginnen
s. beschäftigen + mit
denken + an
einpflanzen
s. entscheiden + für
erzählen
s. freuen + auf
s. freuen + über
gießen
hoffen + auf
s. interessieren + für
kommen
leiden + an
merken
plaudern
setzen
sich beteiligen
schenken
stecken
treffen
s. verlieben + in
versuchen
verstehen
vorschlagen (sep)
wachsen
warten + auf

Adjektive/Adverbien

fertig

Andere Wörter und Phrasen

ins Gespräch kommen