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Auszug aus: Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Kennst du das Land, wo die Zitronen blühn,
Im dunkeln Laub die Goldorangen glühn,
Ein sanfter Wind vom blauen Himmel weht,
Die Myrte still und hoch der Lorbeer steht,
Kennst du es wohl?
Möcht ich mit dir, o mein Geliebter, ziehn!
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German Imperative Forms
When you look around public spaces in countries where German is spoken, you will find plenty of signs that tell people how to behave. The Do’s and Don’ts are typically expressed in imperative forms. Signs and stickers often combine images and words and aim for quick, clear communication of essentials. Users typically understand levels of politeness and implied meanings — just think of “Please do not park here!” versus “No parking!” In spoken discourse, context matters for how you address people (formal or familiar forms of address) and being polite never hurts. Add “Bitte”!
German has four forms in the Imperative:
du – form – used when addressing one person, whom you address with “du” because you know them well, they are your peers,
they are your family members.
ihr– form – used when addressing several people, whom you address with “ihr” for the same reasons you would use “du.”
Sie– form – used when addressing one or more people formally.
wir– form – used when you include yourself into the audience when you make a suggestion, as in “Let us do something.!”
The explanations, examples, and exercises below will help you learn how to handle subject-verb agreements for the four imperative forms.
Arbeit mit den Strukturen: Imperative Formszurück nach oben