Adjektivendungen im Akkusativ
In the last section you looked at adjective endings with nominative. In the accusative, they are almost identical.
Let’s back up just a little. The German language is very gendered. Because of this, the adjective endings are also tied to the gender and the number of the nouns.
- if you have a definite article (die / das / der), you don’t need to do anything but add an -e to the end of the adjective, because you could tell the gender from the article.
- for the indefinite articles, the only time you worry about the adjective ending was with “ein” because you don’t know if it’s neuter or masculine. In these cases, the adjective ending shows you what the gender of the noun is.
- for plural, it’s -en with an article and -e without.
Basically, if you can’t figure out what the gender is from the article, then the adjective ending needs to represent that.
- the only adjective ending that changes is the masculine. This makes sense, because it is the only article that changes in the accusative.
- the rest of the adjective endings are exactly the same as the nominative.
Achtung: Once an article changes, the adjective ending after after it is always going to be -en. So from here on out, if the article is not in its original form, the adjective ending will be -en
Compare the two charts to see what we mean.
meine besten Erinnerungen
die besten Erinnerungen
eine neue Sprache
die neue Sprache
ein fremdes Land
das fremde Land
ein guter Freund
der gute Freund
meine netten Kollegen
die netten Kollegen
eine tolle Reise
die tolle Reise
ein privates Auto
das private Auto
einen langen Urlaub
den langen Urlaub