Lektion 5: Berufsreise

Strukturen

Adjektivendungen im Akkusativ

In the last section you looked at adjective endings with nominative. In the accusative, they are almost identical.

Let’s back up just a little. The German language is very gendered. Because of this, the adjective endings are also tied to the gender and the number of the nouns.

In nominative:

  • if you have a definite article (die / das / der), you don’t need to do anything but add an -e to the end of the adjective, because you could tell the gender from the article.
  • for the indefinite articles, the only time you worry about the adjective ending was with “ein” because you don’t know if it’s neuter or masculine. In these cases, the adjective ending shows you what the gender of the noun is.
  • for plural, it’s -en with an article and -e without.

 

Basically, if you can’t figure out what the gender is from the article, then the adjective ending needs to represent that.

In accusative:

  • the only adjective ending that changes is the masculine. This makes sense, because it is the only article that changes in the accusative.
  • the rest of the adjective endings are exactly the same as the nominative.

 

Achtung: Once an article changes, the adjective ending after after it is always going to be -en. So from here on out, if the article is not in its original form, the adjective ending will be -en

Compare the two charts to see what we mean.

Nominativ

 unbestimmtbestimmtohne
pl-en
meine besten Erinnerungen
-en
die besten Erinnerungen
-e
beste Erinnerungen
fem-e
eine neue Sprache
-e
die neue Sprache
-e
neue Sprache
neut-es
ein fremdes Land
-e
das fremde Land
-es
fremdes Land
mask-er
ein guter Freund
-e
der gute Freund
-er
guter Freund

Akkusativ

 unbestimmtbestimmtohne
pl-en
meine netten Kollegen
-en
die netten Kollegen
-e
nette Kollegen
fem-e
eine tolle Reise
-e
die tolle Reise
-e
tolle Reise
neut-es
ein privates Auto
-e
das private Auto
-es
privates Auto
mask-en
einen langen Urlaub
-en
den langen Urlaub
-en
langen Urlaub