Lektion 2: Kleidung

Wortschatz

Was trägst du heute?

Hier sind vier Personen. Was tragen diese Personen? Von links nach rechts sehen Sie Elizabeth, Simone, Faye und Maureen.

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Lesen

 

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Sprechen

Was trägst du heute? Sprechen Sie mit einer Partnerin oder einem Partner. Stellen Sie ja/nein Fragen:

  1. Trägst du ein Kleid?
  2. Trägst du eine Hose?
  3. Trägst du Sandalen?
  4. Trägst du eine Jacke?
  5. Trägst du ein T-Shirt?
  6. Trägst du einen Rucksack?
  7. Trägst du eine Brille?
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Strukturen

Verben: tragen (to wear)

The irregular verb “tragen” (to wear or to carry) is often referred to as a “vowel-changing verb” because it has a vowel change in the present-tense singular “du” and “sie / er / es” forms, where the vowel “a” becomes “ä” (a with an umlaut above it).

singular plural  
ichtragewirtragen
duträgstihrtragt
SietragenSietragen
sie / es / erträgtsietragen

Other vowel-changing verbs that follow the same pattern (a => ä; au => äu) include “schlafen” (to sleep), “waschen” (to wash), and “laufen” (to walk or run).

 

Verben: sehen (to see)

Sehen” (to see) is also an irregular verb with a vowel change in the present tense. Like “tragen,” it has a vowel change in the singular “du” and “sie / er / es” forms, but with “sehen” the vowel “e” becomes “ie.”

singular plural  
ichsehewirsehen
dusiehstihrseht
SiesehenSiesehen
sie / es / ersiehtsiesehen

Another vowel-changing verb that follows the same pattern (e => ie) is “lesen” (to read): ich lese, du liest, sie / es / er liest, wir lesen, usw.

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Schreiben

Was tragen Sie heute?

Heute trage ich… Write complete sentences describing what you are wearing today, using the verb tragen.

Student*in X trägt heute… Then write what another person in your class is wearing today.

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Sprechen

Was sehen Sie? Was tragen diese Personen?

Discuss the picture below with a partner. What do you see? What are the people wearing? What colors and articles of clothing do you see?

The picture shows three people laughing and gesturing. On the left is a woman wearing a t-shirt, skirt, and backpack. In the middle, a woman in a pink blouse or dress over black pants is pointing upwards. On the right there is a woman with a reddish-purplish t-shirt, white pants, and glasses.
Was sehen Sie auf dem Foto? Was tragen diese Personen?

Was siehst du auf diesem Foto? Wer trägt was?

=> Ich sehe … Sie / Er / Es trägt …

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Strukturen

Pluralformen

Unlike English nouns, which usually form their plurals with the suffix -s, German has a variety of commonly-appearing plural forms. Consider the following examples:

singularpluralsingular + plural in vocabulary listsEnglish meaning (singular)
der Badeanzugdie Badeanzügeder Badeanzug, -¨ebathing suit
das Hemddie Hemdendas Hemd, -enbutton-down shirt
das Kleiddie Kleiderdas Kleid, -erdress
der Manteldie Mäntelder Mantel, -¨coat
der Pullover / der Pullidie Pullover / die Pullisder Pullover, - / der Pulli, -spullover sweater; sweatshirt
der Rockdie Röckeder Rock, -¨eskirt
der Schuhdie Schuheder Schuh, -eshoe
die Sockedie Sockendie Socke, -nsock
der Stiefeldie Stiefelder Stiefel, -boot
das T-Shirtdie T-Shirtsdas T-Shirt, -st-shirt
die Unterhosedie Unterhosendie Unterhose, -nunderpants

As the table shows, the definite article for all plural nouns is “die,” regardless of the noun’s gender in the singular.

A few German nouns form plurals by adding the suffix -s the same way most English nouns do. This is not common except with loan words like “das T-Shirt” or abbreviated words like “der Pulli” (short for “der Pullover”). Both of these nous form their plurals with -s (die T-Shirts; die Pullis).

German nouns form plurals in several other ways too: by adding the suffix -e, -er, -n, or -en; by adding an umlaut (¨) to the main vowel (with a, o, or u only); or by combining a suffix with an umlauted vowel. Some nouns– such as “der Pullover” and “der Stiefel” above– have no additional plural ending, so their plurals are signaled in other ways, such as the article “die” (die Pullover, die Stiefel). Paying attention to the context will help you determine whether these are singular or plural forms.

The vocabulary lists in Grenzenlos Deutsch provide the plural forms of nouns by adding a comma and a dash after the singular form, followed by an umlaut (if applicable) and the plural suffix. For example, “die Bluse, -n” indicates that the plural of “die Bluse” (blouse) is “die Blusen,” and “der Rucksack, -¨e” signals that the plural form of “der Rucksack” is “die Rucksäcke.”

A dash with nothing following it indicates that the noun’s plural form is the same as its singular form. Remember, however, that the definite article will always become “die” for plural nouns. “der Gürtel, –” therefore indicates that the plural form of “der Gürtel” (belt) is simply “die Gürtel” (no additional suffix), while “der Mantel, -¨” indicates that the plural of “der Mantel” (coat) has no additional suffix but that the stem vowel gets an umlaut: “die Mäntel.”

It is important to note that, while the English pants, underpants, and glasses are always plural, their German equivalents are singular: “die Hose, -n,” “die Unterhose, -n,” and “die Brille, -n” are only used in their plural forms when referring to multiple pairs. But other German clothing terms borrowed from English, such as “die Jeans” and “die Shorts,” have plural forms only!

TIPP: When you learn a new noun, be sure to learn its both its singular gender (die, das, der) as well as its plural form.

 

Arbeit mit der Struktur

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Hören

Welche Kleidungsstücke gibt es in Ihrem Kleiderschrank?

*Insert video of Britt*

In meinem Kleiderschrank gibt es nicht so viel, aber ich habe 3 lange Hosen und 2 Shorts. 2 Röcke und ein Kleid. […] Ich habe auch Unterhosen und Socken und einige BHs. Ich habe auch Schuhe. Ich glaube vier Paare Schuhen.

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Strukturen

Verneinung: nicht

 

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